AOCC offers many treatment options for controlling pain and swelling of joints. Joint injections are one way AOCC physicians treat joint pain and swelling from arthritic conditions. Speak to your doctor about which treatment option(s) are right for you.
Injections of cortisone, or a similar corticosteroid, decrease inflammation in an injured part of the body. When body tissue is injured, a series of events occurs locally and within the bloodstream to promote healing. Inflammation can result from this healing process and, frequently, the inflammation causes pain. Injecting corticosteroids into the inflamed area helps to calm the inflammation. As the inflammation subsides, the pain does too.
In current medical practice, corticosteroids are used to treat a variety of inflammatory diseases, including bursitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, tendinitis and gout. Corticosteroids can be given by mouth or injected into affected joints, including the ankle, elbow, hip, knee, shoulder, hand and wrist.
Corticosteroid injections do not provide a permanent cure. However, pain relief from a corticosteroid injection may last from several weeks to several months, depending on the medical condition and the patient receiving it. Ideally, the relief provided by the injection decreases or eliminates pain long enough to allow the injury to completely heal. It is not uncommon, though, for repeat injections to be needed in patients experiencing chronic inflammatory conditions.
May include weakening of the joint, increased blood pressure, elevation of blood sugar, and decreased ability to fight infection. Evidence of these side effects should be reported to the doctor monitoring the condition.
Synvisc injections are another treatment offered for painful knee joints due to osteoarthritis (wear and tear arthritis). Talk with your doctor to see if Synvisc is right for you.
Synvisc-One® (hylan G-F 20) can provide up to six months of osteoarthritis knee pain relief with a single injection. In order to determine how well Synvisc-One reduced osteoarthritis knee pain during five common activities (walking on a flat surface, going up stairs, resting during the night, sitting or lying down, and standing upright), a medical study was conducted and the side effects were tracked.
The study showed that patients who received Synvisc-One had significantly less osteoarthritis knee pain over six months and felt significantly better than the saline control group. Most patients reported pain relief starting at week four.
Since Synvisc-One is injected directly into the knee, it doesn’t have the serious side effects found with many pain pills.
The side effects most commonly seen in the medical study were knee pain, stiffness and swelling or fluid buildup in or around the knee. Side effects were generally mild to moderate and did not last long.
The types and frequencies of side effects were similar between the Synvisc-One and the saline control groups. No serious side effects were seen in the injected knee during the study that were related to the use of Synvisc-One.